Dramatic events took place on the Island of Heimay in 1973 when the Eldfell eruption caused the evacuation of the residents of Vestmannaeyjar.
Whilst safely on the mainland a special team stayed behind, making the most of the Atlantic's endless supply
they fought back the lava with seawater thus preventing the destruction of homes and more importantly their harbour.
Those who returned six months later found an island that had changed forever.
The more recent eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 closed European airspace for weeks.
The 'inconvenience' caused to the international community soon passed, but for those living in the shadow of Eyjafjallajökull,
the farmers whose land and livelihoods were destroyed ... the effects are still evident today
Situated beneath the Myrdalsjokull glacier lays the sleeping Katla
who's eruptions deep beneath the ice cause a phenomenon unique to the land of fire and ice - glacial flooding.
Sitting directly in Katlas' flood path lies the small coastal town of Vik, it's residents have lived with this threat for centuries.
The eyes of the geological world are monitoring Katla closely, her eruptions occur approximately every eighty years,
with the last taking place in 1918 ... the next one is long overdue!